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    Start with a Diamond
    Start with Setting
    Nov 20

    The State of Arkansas is naturally blessed. It has a lot of beautiful scenery, superb tourist destinations, and a mine worth exploring: the Crater of Diamonds State Park.

    Characteristics of the Park

    roughdiamond.jpgThe park covers around 911 acres of Arkansas land. The volcanic pipe of Crater of Diamonds was once a portion of million-year-old volcano that had eroded. The lamproite magma found in the upper mantle carried the diamonds to surface level. This park welcomes the public and for a minimal fee both visitors and rockhounds can look for diamonds as well as other gemstones. Every year, park visitors discover 600 diamonds or more, in a range of different grades and colors. Since it was transformed into a state park, there have been more than 25,000 diamonds discovered. The visitors can keep the gemstones they find, no matter what their value is.

    Aside from diamonds, Crater of Diamonds is also rich with agates, amethyst, jasper, quartz, barite, calcite, phlogopite, garnet, and other 40-plus minerals.
    The crater of the park is around 142,000 square meters (35 Acres) of plowed field. The land is plowed so gemstones like diamonds will be brought to the surface. The other parts of the park are used as a visitors center, campground, picnic area, aquatic playground called Diamond Springs, and the Diamond Discovery Center. There’s also a 2-kilometer walking trail for hikers along Little Missouri River. Murfreesboro is found south of Hot Springs National Park in Hot Springs, Arkansas.

    History of the Park

    The first diamond was found at Murfreesboro in 1906 by John Huddleston who owned the property. Right after that first diamond was discovered, a diamond rush set in and Murfreesboro became the talk of the town. There were so many people that every year hotels had to turn down 10,000 visitors and diamond diggers. Those that didn’t have a place to stay would set up tents close to the mine referred to as Kimberly. This is in reference to the world-renowned Kimberley Diamond Mine you can find in South Africa.

    Between 1952 and 1972, the crater was owned privately. It was during 1964 to 1968 that 49 acres of the diamond-bearing soil close to the crater was leased by Roscoe Johnston. He turned it into a tourist destination that went by the name of Arkansas Diamond Mine. It was at this period that the Phillips 66 and Star of Murfreesboro diamonds were unearthed. The Arkansas State bought the crater in 1972 and turned it into a state park.
    Because of the park, the diamond has been closely associated to the state. In fact, the shape of the diamond is part of the overall design of the Arkansas flag.

    Diamond Digging

    • The Mine

    Visitors can scavenge on top of a plowed field of 37 acres. They can access the fields by passing through a visitor center. Also provided in the area is an audio-visual program that educates visitors on the state park’s history and geology, as well as exhibits. Park employees give free classification and certification of the diamonds. You can also bring your pets anywhere except in Kimberlite Café and Diamond Springs Park. They should also be on a leash and under the control of the owner.

    • Equipment to Bring

    Bringing of tools isn’t necessary if you’re going to search for diamonds. You can simply walk along the rows and find diamonds situated above the ground. But if you prefer to dig the soil, then you can do so. You may carry your own equipment as well as buy or rent them in the park.
    You can bring and use anything without wheels, motor, or battery to carry things to the site. People bring gardening trowels, full-size shovels, and even their own sifting screens.

    • Diamonds Commonly found in the Park

    Diamonds you can find in the park are round and very smooth. Their shape looks like a polished stone with their round edges and smooth sides. Their size, on the other hand, may range from that of a paper match head, which may be approximately between 20 and 25 points. These are increment of diamond’s measurements. In a carat there are 100 points. You can search for something small like a 1-carat diamond that may have a green pea size.

    Diamonds normally feel like they have grease all over them. This prevents the diamond from becoming dirty. They also possess metallic luster and aren’t as clear as glass but translucent. Typical diamond colors found in the area are brown, yellow, and white.

    Famous Diamonds

    It’s not surprising that one can find truly precious stones in the Crater. Here are some of them:

    According to AGS (American Gem Society), this is the ultimate perfect diamond they have ever certified. It was graded triple Zero, which means it’s ideal cut, D color, and flawless.
    The diamond was discovered by Shirley Strawn in 1990. It weighed 3.03 carats. Bill Underwood, the first professional gemologist of Arkansas, recommended to Strawn to send the gem to Lazare Kaplan for cutting. They cut the stone to utmost perfection—brilliant, round 1.09-carat diamond.
    AGS certified the gemstone in 1998.

    This is a white diamond that possesses 40.23 carat weight. It is the largest diamond discovered in North America. Unearthed during 1924, it was called Uncle Sam. A story tells that it was named after W. D. Bassum, its finder, who was then nicknamed Uncle Sam.
    Digging for diamonds doesn’t have to be all strenuous activity. It can be fun and worthwhile too, especially if you happened to mine these valuable stones in the Crater of Diamonds State Park.

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    One Response to “Find Your Own Diamond in the Crater of Diamonds State Park”

    1. TheIntelHub Says:

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